Center for Strategic Communication

Two cousins of Abu Musab al Zarqawi, the slain leader of al Qaeda in Iraq, were arrested by Jordanian security forces as they returned from waging jihad in Syria.

The two cousins, Zayed Sweiti and Firas Khalailah, were detained by Jordanian border guards after spending five months in Syria, Mohammad Shalabi, a Salafist who is also known as Abu Sayyaf, told AFP.

“A third jihadist, Mohammad Najmi, was also arrested with Sweiti and Khalailah. The three men decided to return to Jordan because there was no fighting against Syrian regime troops in the area the were in,” Shalabi told the news agency. “The intelligence department is currently interrogating them.”

The report of the capture of the three jihadists takes place as the US has stepped up support for the Jordanian government as the situation in neighboring Syria deteriorates. More than 100 US troops have been deployed to Jordan to provide aid in securing the border as well as humanitarian support for Syrian refugees, according to USA Today. Additionally, US and Jordanian forces are monitoring Syria’s chemical and biological weapons stocks.

Foreign jihadists flock to Syria, fight with Al Nusrah Front

Foreign jihadists from North Africa, the Palestinian Territories, Egypt, Yemen, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and other countries have been traveling to Syria to battle forces loyal to President Bashir al Assad. Dozens have been reportedly killed in the fighting.

Many of the foreign jihadists are fighting in the ranks of the Al Nusrah Front, an al Qaeda-linked terror group that is infused with leaders and fighters from al Qaeda in Iraq, US intelligence officials have told The Long War Journal. Zarqawi founded al Qaeda in Iraq, with the support of Osama bin laden, and also established terror groups such as the Abdullah Azzam Brigades to fight regimes in the region.

The Al Nusrah Front has conducted numerous suicide attacks and complex military operations against the Syrian military over the past 10 months. Additionally, Al Nusrah has claimed credit for hundreds of conventional attacks.

The group has now claimed credit for 31 of the 38 suicide bombings in Syria that the The Long War Journal has tallied since December 2011. Since the end of August, Al Nusrah has claimed credit for launching 13 suicide attacks. For more information on the suicide attacks in Syria, see LWJ reports, Suicide bombings become commonplace in Syria , and Al Nusrah Front claims 5 suicide attacks in Syria in past month.

The al Qaeda-linked group has conducted several sophisticated attacks in Syria since it announced its presence earlier this year. Al Nusrah has claimed it executed the June 1 suicide assault on the Syrian military at a camp in Idlib, as well as a complex attack at the airport at Abu Kamal on Sept. 4.

The Al Nusrah Front is known to conduct joint operations with the Free Syrian Army, the main group in Syria that is held up as the secular opposition to the Assad regime. Last week, its fighters seized a Syrian air defense base in Aleppo in a joint operation with the Free Syrian Army. In August, Al Nusrah said it attacked a police station outside of Damascus along with the Al Sahaba Battalion, a unit of the Free Syrian Army that operates in the capital. According to The Guardian, jihadist groups such as Al Nusrah have become more appealing to Syrian rebels as they are better organized and have expertise from waging jihad in Iraq and elsewhere, and have integrated their operations with the Free Syrian Army.

Al Nusrah backed by radical Jordanian cleric

The Al Nusrah Front has been backed by known radical Islamist clerics with ties to al Qaeda. In May, Abu Muhammad al Tahawi, a Salafist Jordanian cleric who has encouraged jihadists to fight in Iraq and elsewhere and who is close to Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi, Zarqawi’s mentor, released a statement backing Al Nusrah.

Al Tahawi’s lengthy statement, which is titled “Supporting the Victory of the Al Nusrah Front,” was posted on jihadist forums and translated by the SITE Intelligence Group. In the statement, al Tahawi said that it was an obligation for Muslims to fight in Syria, and accused NATO, the UN, Arab regimes, and the media of backing Assad. He also praised suicide attacks, and said jihadists will expel the West, Israel, and Arab regimes from “Muslim lands.”

“The people who wrapped explosive belts around themselves, on their bellies, and
tore apart the idol of the era America and put its nose in the dirt of defeat in Iraq and Afghanistan, and very soon in the Levant, will put down the nose of the Nusayris [Alawhites], the daughter of Zionism, and extirpate them from the heart of Muslim land,” al Tahawi said.

Zarqawi family members, associates still waging jihad

Despite the fact that Abu Musab al Zarqawi was killed in Iraq more than six years ago, his family members and acolytes continue to appear on the battlefield. In addition to the two cousins who were detained after returning from Syria, several Zarqawi relatives and lieutenants are known to have operated in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Yemen.

Salahuddin al Maqdisi, who served as an aide to Abu Musab al Zarqawi and is the brother of Jordanian cleric Abu Muhammad al Maqdisi, is currently operating in Afghanistan, according to a statement released on a jihadist website in June 2011.

Abu Abdul Rahman al Aseer al Urduni, a Jordanian who was killed in Afghanistan, served as a recruiter for Zarqawi’s al Qaeda in Iraq. “He sent more than 30 brothers to Iraq,” a Lebanese jihadist said in a eulogy for al Urdani.

Abu Hammam al Zarqawi, one of Zarqawi’s nephews, was killed in US drone strike in Yemen sometime in 2012.

Mahmoud Mahdi Zeidan, the brother of Omar Mahdi Zeidan, a radical cleric from Zarqawi’s hometown of Zarqa, was killed in a US drone strike in North Waziristan, Pakistan sometime in early 2010. Shami served as an ideologue and as a bodyguard for former senior al Qaeda leader Mustafa Abu Yazid, the group’s commander in Afghanistan and chief financier who was killed in a US drone strike on May 21, 2010.

Abdul Rahman al Urduni, another jihadist from Zarqawi’s hometown of Zarqa, was killed in a US drone strike in 2012. Omar Mahdi Zeidan eulogized Abdul Rahman al Urduni in June.